Prostatitis in men: signs, medications, how to treat

causes of prostatitis in men

Prostatitis is an extremely unpleasant disease.

And especially considering how important it is for any man to feel his leadership and superiority in everything, problems in sex life can have a very negative effect on mental health, self-confidence and the will to win in general. Therefore, it is very important to recognize the disease with prostatitis in time, to cure it, and even better - to prevent it altogether. Treatment of prostatitis in men with drugs is most effective, but may not always help. Moreover, this is important for any man, without exception, who has reached the age of 30-35, because it is then that he falls into the risk group for this disease. At the same time, the disease can manifest itself in various forms, have different symptoms of manifestation - and therefore it is very important for prevention to regularly visit a doctor.

But first of all, you need to figure out what exactly this disease is. And for this it is worth turning to the knowledge of medicine and anatomy. The word "prostatitis" is of Latin origin - prostatitis. Literally, prostate (it was from this word that it got its name) is the prostate gland, and itis is inflammation. That is, prostatitis occurs as a result of an infection entering the prostate. This happens quite often, because this gland is located in such a place that bacteria from the intestines, bladder, through the blood or lymph can easily penetrate into it. And this happens quite often, but in most cases the man's body copes with it successfully. For prostatitis to occur, additional factors are required.

Causes of prostatitis

The causes of this disease can be different, there are many factors and nuances that lead to inflammation of the prostate. However, there is an underlying cause of this disease. These are pathogenic microbes that penetrate the prostate, begin active life, corroding and destroying tissues from the inside - and thereby causing an inflammatory process.

At the same time, depending on the nature of the disease and the form in which it occurs, inflammation can take place in different ways. In some cases, it develops rapidly and is accompanied by acute pain, and sometimes the infection gradually destroys the tissues, starting the process of the disease, which can continue even if the infection itself is eliminated.

The infection itself enters the prostate gland along the ascending pathway. Most often - through the urethra, especially in diseases of the genitourinary system. In some cases - through blood and lymph, from infected pelvic organs. Thus, the prostate gland becomes infected.

There are several factors that can affect the onset of inflammation:

what is prostatitis in men
  • Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases and sexually transmitted infections.
  • Excessive hypothermia, especially in the winter season.
  • Decrease in the body's defenses when the immune system cannot cope with the infection.
  • Congestion and a significant violation of the circulatory system in the small pelvis, which occurs mainly during sedentary work and lack of proper physical activity.
  • Irregular sex life and prolonged abstinence (because during ejaculation, a natural massage of the prostate gland is performed).
  • Excessive sex life also often causes inflammation in the prostate gland.
  • Injury to the genitals or perineum. Motorcyclists and cyclists, as well as motorists, are most likely to suffer such injuries.
  • Alcohol and smoking abuse. Such bad habits cause serious disturbances in the functioning of the body as a whole and, in particular, lead to edema in the area of ​​the prostate gland.
  • An unbalanced and unhealthy diet can also cause prostatitis, as the immune system is impaired due to the lack of vitamins and minerals.
  • Psychological and physical overload that causes stress in the body.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Hormonal system disorders.
  • Stool problems (regular and frequent constipation).

However, all of the above factors do not mean at all that if a man is a driver who loves skiing in winter or an office worker who spends his entire working day in a sitting position, then he certainly has an inflammation of the prostate gland. This only means that with such risk factors, he needs to undergo regular examination, which will help identify the onset of the inflammatory process. It is advisable to do this at least once every six months, since prevention will be much cheaper and safer than full and long-term treatment.

Types of prostatitis

Doctors distinguish several forms of prostatitis.

types and forms of prostatitis in men
  • Chronic bacterial- inflammation of the prostate, which proceeds in a chronic form, usually caused by a bacterial infection that persists for a long time. The diagnosis of this form of prostatitis is made if the corresponding bacteria are found in the sample of prostate secretion.
  • Chronic abacterial prostatitis- chronic inflammation of the prostate, which is not infectious, that is, bacteria are not detected during the test. The development of this type of prostatitis occurs mainly due to autoimmune damage to the tissues of the prostate.
  • Acute prostatitisis ​​a special form characterized by chronic pain. They are localized mainly in the genitals. These pains are the main and main symptom of prostatitis.
  • Asymptomatic- this is the most unpleasant form, which is difficult to diagnose and proceeds without symptoms. It can be determined only when conducting regular preventive examinations.


The very first and most obvious symptom that may indicate the occurrence of inflammation of the prostate gland is difficulty in urinating and painful sensations at these moments. If you have such sensations, you should definitely consult a doctor and check for an infection. The same is true if the urge to urinate becomes excessively frequent and the bladder empties in small portions.

It is especially important to pay attention to any changes and unusual sensations of the body, taking into account the fact that often inflammatory processes begin to proceed completely asymptomatic and gradually turn into a chronic form. And such a disease is much more difficult to treat, because even after removal of the infection, the development of prostatitis itself can continue.

Acute prostatitis is much easier to define. Because in this case, it manifests itself sharply and suddenly. But it is worth remembering that each man's disease can proceed in completely different ways, everything is very individual.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis, which are the main symptoms indicating prostate inflammation:

how does prostatitis manifest in men
  • Painful sensations when urinating.
  • Frequent urge to empty the bladder.
  • Painful sensations in the perineal region. And not only in the genitals, but also in the anus and sacrum.
  • Potency disorders.
  • If the act of defecation is accompanied by painful sensations.
  • Weakened state of the body and feeling unwell.
  • Temperature rise.
  • Increased unexplained sweating.
  • Constant feeling of full bladder.
  • During bowel movements, concomitant discharge occurs from the urethra.
  • Unstable emotional state, irritability.

It is not at all necessary for a man to show all the symptoms at once, since each organism is individual. Therefore, the manifestations can be completely different. One of the most pressing symptoms, after which it is necessary to check whether there is an inflammatory process, is a violation of potency. This can be both a problem with erection, and premature ejaculation, and in some cases - a lack of sexual desire in principle. But you should not worry about this - as soon as the underlying disease is cured, all these problems will go away on their own.


To make an accurate diagnosis and determine the presence of the disease, you must consult a urologist. Since you cannot do this on your own, and if you start the inflammatory process, then you can provoke serious complications.

The approximate algorithm used for diagnostics is the following:

  1. A doctor's examination, which makes an overall clinical assessment of the condition.
  2. Urinalysis (a general analysis is usually carried out for microflora).
  3. An examination aimed at identifying sexually transmitted diseases.
  4. ways to diagnose prostatitis
  5. Determination of the presence or absence of infection using a swab from the urethra.
  6. Ejaculate analysis.
  7. Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs.
  8. Urography.
  9. In some cases, a biopsy if prostate cancer is suspected.

After carrying out all the above studies, a "trial" treatment of the infection is performed if inflammation is found. And already on the basis of all these data, the doctor draws up a further treatment regimen for prostatitis.

Often the question arises whether chronic prostatitis can be cured. The doctors' comments on this matter are very comforting, it is quite amenable to treatment.


The disease itself is very difficult and causes great difficulties in treatment for doctors. However, this does not mean at all that the doctor cannot do anything. The disease is completely curable and very quickly you can relieve symptoms and help the patient. Using a medicine for prostatitis in men, you can very quickly relieve discomfort. In addition, modern medicine is capable of many things, including creating a stable remission. The truth depends on the patient himself how all the treatment will proceed. It is necessary to clearly and unquestioningly follow all the recommendations that were prescribed by the doctor, since otherwise you may not achieve the desired result. But in order to guarantee a cure, it is very important to make sure of the professionalism of the doctor, since the process itself, the treatment regimen for prostatitis must be very competently drawn up, otherwise it will be difficult to achieve effectiveness.

The set of measures taken to treat prostatitis usually includes the following procedures:

Antibiotic therapy

drugs for prostatitis

Since prostatitis is an inflammation caused by an infection of the prostate, suppression is central to its treatment. Therefore, prostatitis is treated with antibiotics. It is difficult to single out the best cure for prostatitis, since everything is purely individual. To date, in order to cure chronic prostatitis, doctors resort to the use of drugs that are in the macrolide group. Their main effect is that the formation of protein is blocked in bacteria, thereby disrupting the possibility of vital activity. Although in some cases, other drugs are used. The attending physician selects the drug and draws up a treatment regimen with its help, taking into account individual characteristics, therefore, the dosage and choice of the drug itself in each individual case will not be the same.

On average, the course of taking antibiotics itself is about 2 weeks. But again, everything depends on the individual characteristics of each individual patient. After this time, a second full examination and research are usually carried out to determine whether it is necessary to stop the treatment or change its scheme. Prostatitis medication for men is one of the main ways to combat prostate inflammation. However, not the only one.


Massage is a very effective tool for both prevention and treatment of prostatitis. Since one of the main causes of its occurrence is stagnation, massage allows you to eliminate them. By improving the microcirculation of blood in the genitals and drainage of the secretions of the prostate, there is a general improvement in the condition and the treatment is much more successful, recovery is faster. Prostate massage can be performed both independently and by a doctor. Among the methods are microclysters, testicular massage, direct impact on the prostate through the anus. But there are also some limitations. Since such a massage is a certain physical effect, it is not recommended to carry out it if prostatitis proceeds in an acute form, as well as with hemorrhoids, cracks and other diseases of the rectum. Massage is very often prescribed in addition to antibiotic therapy, since it has repeatedly proven its effectiveness in the treatment of this difficult disease. Treatment of prostatitis with massage is very often included in a set of measures to get rid of this unpleasant disease.

In addition to massage, treatment of prostatitis at home includes the implementation of a complex or individual gymnastic exercises that will help to normalize blood circulation in the pelvic organs and thereby promote rapid healing.


In addition, physiotherapy procedures are prescribed for the treatment of prostatitis, which are also able to effectively cope with the treatment of this disease. It helps to improve tissue trophism, blood circulation in the prostate. For these procedures, one or another device for the treatment of prostatitis is used. Among the methods and measures of physiotherapy, one can single out magnetic and laser therapy, electrophoresis, taking warm baths, diadynamophoresis, and ultrasonic phonophoresis. In some cases, the use of mud baths is very effective. Another physiotherapeutic procedure for the treatment of prostatitis is the use of enemas with different compositions. For example, using mineral waters.

When using each individual prostatitis machine, remember to be very careful not to cause any damage.

Herbal medicine

Usually also used in addition to the main course of treatment. With the help of phytotherapy, prostatitis in men is treated at home, but in no case should it replace the main intake of antibiotics. Taking herbal decoctions and dietary supplements helps the body to strengthen the immune system, thereby increasing the body's defenses and contributing to the ability to successfully fight infection. With the help of herbal medicine, chronic prostatitis is treated with folk remedies. This type of therapy is a good addition to the main treatment, because thanks to the effect of certain herbs, it is possible to accelerate the blood circulation of the pelvic organs and the body as a whole, to increase the resistance to infection.


Prostatitis is often psychosomatic in nature. And it happens that even using pills for prostatitis does not work to achieve the desired effect. In addition, very often prostatitis causes serious disturbances in the sexual sphere of a man's life, which often leads him to an unstable psycho-emotional state. Psychotherapy is aimed precisely at coping with these crisis moments and remaining a full-fledged personality. Very often, men begin to be extremely insecure from such health problems, which greatly affects all areas of life. It is very important to combine the methods of treating prostatitis with competent psychological work with the patient. There are often cases when the cure was much more effective after a man underwent a course of psychotherapy and coped with a number of very difficult internal problems. Therefore, this type of therapy is no less important for a successful cure than others.


surgical treatment of prostatitis in men

In especially difficult and advanced cases, you may need to resort to the help of a surgeon. Narrowing of the urethra may occur, and prostate abscesses may occur. Sometimes it is required to cut out the adenoma. All this happens if the diagnosis and proper treatment were not carried out on time. Then complications begin - and this kind of intervention is already required. In severe cases, surgery to remove the prostate may be required. In order to prevent such consequences, it is necessary to regularly carry out preventive measures, visit a doctor every six months.


Since inflammation occurs due to the fact that the body could not cope with the infection on its own, in order to effectively treat inflammation of the prostate, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system. In addition, if an unsuccessful antibiotic treatment has already been carried out before, then the immune system is in a weakened state, and even more so it needs additional strengthening. In addition, such therapy has a very positive effect on preventing the recurrence of prostatitis after it has been cured.

Treatment may simply be supplemental vitamins or minerals. The best method would be to contact an immunologist who will conduct all the necessary tests and prescribe exactly what the body lacks for successful work and increasing protective functions. Then drugs for the treatment of prostatitis will work most effectively.


In addition to general therapy, especially if chronic prostatitis is being treated, certain adjustments are made to the regimen and diet. At the same time, there are no general schemes; in each individual case, its own restrictions or additions are introduced. It depends both on the form of the disease, and on the body of the man himself.

nutritional correction for prostatitis

But there are still a number of basic requirements that are mandatory. Moreover, it is advisable to observe them as soon as there is a suspicion of prostatitis. These restrictions include, first of all, refusal from alcohol. Since it has a destructive effect on the body and can provoke a sharp development of inflammation. So you should limit the use of salt in the daily diet. And to ensure the daily intake of fluid in the body - at least 1. 5 liters.

In any case, the diet needs to be rebuilt in such a way that it is based on fresh vegetables and fruits, and the rest of the products are already in addition to them. If an aggravation occurs, then it is advisable to give up fried food and steam everything. Protein food - meat, fish and chicken, for the period of exacerbation of inflammation, it is also advisable to exclude from the diet, gradually returning them as the condition improves.

There are also a number of products that have an adverse effect on the prostate, and therefore for the period of treatment, they are advised, if not exclude, then at least significantly reduce the use. These products include:

  • Tea and coffee - due to their high caffeine content. Sometimes cocoa is included in this group.
  • Any canned food, smoked meats, salting and overly spicy or spicy dishes should also be excluded.
  • Any animal fats, including broths.
  • Cabbages and all legumes can cause fermentation in the intestines and should therefore be avoided as well.
  • Bakery products, especially those made from wheat flour - for the same reason.

The doctor will additionally tell you what exactly needs to be changed in the diet.

Alternative Treatment

Prostatitis can also be treated with folk remedies, which is also quite effective. But at the same time, it is imperative to consult with a doctor in advance and begin such treatment only with his consent. There are a lot of folk recipes - this can be either the use of individual products, for example, propolis or pumpkin seeds, or the creation of special products, tinctures, candles.

Prostatitis treatment with folk remedies can be a very effective adjunct to prostatitis medication. But in no case should you self-medicate.


prevention of the development of prostatitis

The main preventive measure of any disease is attention to one's own health. In order to prevent the development of inflammation of the prostate, you should simply try to avoid factors that may cause its occurrence. Namely, do not overcool, monitor your diet and lifestyle, exercise regularly, and prevent the occurrence of sexually transmitted infections. And also regularly have sex with a regular partner, immediately treat any infections, especially the pelvic organs.

But the best preventive measure is still a regular visit to the doctor. Since it often happens that prostatitis is completely asymptomatic and if it is not diagnosed in time, then in the future it will be much more difficult to cure it. Therefore, you should not forget about this measure and visit a doctor at least once every six months.